4th International Conference on Pediatrics and Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Latifa Hospital-Dubai Health Authority, UAE
Title: Neonatal assessment in the delivery room: Trial to evaluate a specified type of Apgar (TEST-Apgar)
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Biography: Khaled El-Atawi
Background: Since an objective description is essential to determine infant’s postnatal condition and efficacy of interventions, two scores were suggested in the past but were not tested yet: The specified-Apgar uses the 5 items of the conventional Apgar score; however describes the condition regardless of gestational age (GA) or resuscitative interventions. The expanded-Apgar measures interventions needed to achieve this condition. We hypothesized that the combination of both (combined-Apgar) describes postnatal condition of preterm infants better than either of the scores alone.
Methods: Scores were assessed in preterm infants below 32 completed weeks of gestation. Data were prospectively collected in 20 NICU in 12 countries. Prediction of poor outcome (death, severe/moderate BPD, IVH, CPL and ROP) was used as a surrogate parameter to compare the scores. To compare predictive value the AUC for the ROC was calculated.
Results: Of 2150 eligible newborns, data on 1855 infants with a mean GA of 28 6/7±2 3/7 weeks were analyzed. At 1 minute, the combined-Apgar was significantly better in predicting poor outcome than the specified- or expanded-Apgar alone. Of infants with a very low score at 5 or 10 minutes 81% or 100% had a poor outcome, respectively. In these infants the relative risk (RR) for perinatal mortality was 24.93 (13.16-47.20) and 31.34 (15.91-61.71), respectively.
Conclusion: The combined-Apgar allows a more appropriate description of infant’s condition under conditions of modern neonatal care. It should be used as a tool for better comparison of group of infants and postnatal interventions.