Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 16th Annual World Congress on Pediatrics New York, USA.

Day 2 :

Keynote Forum

Professor Susan B. Waltzman

New York University School of Medicine, USA

Keynote: Pediatric Cochlear Implantation

Time : 09:00 to 18:00

Pediatrics 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Professor Susan B. Waltzman photo
Biography:

Susan B. Waltzman, PhD is the Marica F. Vilcek Professor of Otolaryngology and Co-Director of the NYU Cochlear Implant Center. Her research is focused on two main areas: outcomes with cochlear and brainstem implants and isolating the variables which affect performance including the impact of new technology on outcomes in children, adolescents, older adults and special populations. The most current research at the cochlear implant center focuses on the treatment of those with single-sided deafness, residual hearing and children with compromised auditory nerves. She has been the PI on numerous device-related clinical trials over the past 20 years, the most current trial being the use of auditory brainstem implants in children with compromised auditory nerves. Dr. Waltzman is the author of more than 110 peer-reviewed articles, numerous book chapters and in 2014, the third edition of a textbook with Dr. J. Thomas Roland titled Cochlear Implants. She also has been invited as a Visiting Professor at many institutions world-wide and is a frequent contributor and invited speaker at national and international conferences.

Abstract:

As a result of newborn hearing screening and improved evaluation tools, many children with severe-to-profound hearing loss are being diagnosed as infants, which affords the opportunity to provide these children access to cochlear implantation although medical challenges must be addressed. The purpose of this presentation if to review all aspects of pediatric cochlear implantation including safety and efficacy in very young children. Anesthesia risks, blood volume, skull size and thickness, skull growth and device positon will be discussed  in addition to candidacy and variable affecting outcome in various pediatric age groups.

Keynote Forum

Professor Elisabeth Utens

University of Amsterdam, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Netherlands

Keynote: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) in children with unprocessed medical related trauma. A randomized controlled intervention study

Time : 09:00 to 18:00

Pediatrics 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Professor Elisabeth Utens photo
Biography:

Utens  serves as the chairperson of the National Network of Paediatric Psychology (Pediatrische Psychologie-NL) and is a member of the Steering committee of the Psychosocial Working Group of the European Association of Paediatric Cardiology. Utens has funded her research from the numerous external grants she has acquired. Under her supervision, eight PhD candidates have now completed their doctoral thesis on her line of research. Utens has authored numerous international articles which have been published in authoritative academic journals, including the European Heart Journal, International Journal of Cardiology, etc.

Utens studies psychosocial outcomes, particularly anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress, in children with a physical disorder (such as congenital heart disease, inflammatory bowel disease, cystic fibrosis and HIV) as well as the influence of anaesthesia and psychological preparation of children for surgery. Her research includes examining which factors predict these psychosocial outcomes in the long term. She has carried out both cross-sectional and longitudinal patient-related studies and in recent years has focused primarily on intervention studies, including the effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy on anxiety and depression in adolescents with inflammatory bowel diseases, and the effects of sports activities on emotional problems in adolescents with congenital heart disease.

Abstract:

Background. About 3 in every 10 children and adolescents admitted to a hospital or undergoing invasive and/or painful surgery,  develop increased (subclinical) symptoms of PTSS. In addition, about 1 in 10 children even develop a post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSS). Unfortunately, symptoms of unprocessed medical trauma are still poorly recognized. From research it is known that if elevated PTSS symptoms in children are left untreated, this can have a serious impact on their quality of life, psychosocial functioning and can result lead to long term psychiatric complaints. In the Dutch multidisciplinary guidelines for mental health institutions , trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy and EMDR are recommended for treating posttraumatic stress complaints. Many psychologists already use EMDR successfully in their daily clinical practice. EMDR works faster, requires less treatment sessions,  is considered less stressful for the patient and therefore fits well in the psychosocial care given in a  children's hospital. Remarkably, the effectiveness of EMDR in medical untreated trauma in children has not previously been systematically investigated. In the Erasmus-MC Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is being conducted into the effectiveness of EMDR in children / adolescents with a medical related trauma. Design. A randomized, controlled intervention study (RCT). Method. Included are children / adolescents aged 4 to 16 who have undergone a one-time (trauma type 1) or repeated (trauma type 2) hospital admission / medical treatment up to 5 years ago. Participating children are screened for increased PTSS symptoms (partial PTSS). All children with partial PTSS are then randomly assigned to: 1) standardized EMDR or 2) care as usual (CAU = medical care only). Results. The data collection will last from July 2016 to February 2018. During the period from July 2016 to April 2017, 116 participants completed the pre-measurement. Of these, 67% were symptom-free, 28% had subclinical symptoms and 5% had PTSS. The first results of the complete screening assessment will be presented and discussed during the conference. Discussion. The vast majority of children undergoing hospitalization or surgery are not structurally screened for PTSS complaints and do not receive structurally psychological assistance. If EMDR proves effective, this will be implemented structurally in Erasmus MC Sophia. A good network between medical specialists and cognitive behavioral psychotherapists is necessary for optimal psychosocial care.

Pediatrics 2018 International Conference Keynote Speaker Professor Igor Klepikov photo
Biography:

Dr Igor Klepikov is a retired MD PhD Professor

 

 

Abstract:

Treatment of acute pneumonia(АР) in recent decades focused solely on antibiotic therapy,does not include pathogenetic,specific methods of assistance and repeats the principles of treatment of other inflammatory diseases.Reducing the effectiveness of antimicrobial drugs,the emergence and the increasing number of antibiotic-resistant pathogens and a gradual increase in the frequency of purulent complications attach importance and urgency to the solution of this problem.The first step in this decision is a revision of ideas about the nature and mechanisms of АP.This work has been done and tested in a clinical setting in the years 1976-1984 in Novokuznetsk State Institute for postgraduate doctors(USSR,Russia).The basis of the new doctrine АP was based on the following scientific medical axioms,already having previous scientific justification.1. The body's response to any stimulus, including the initiation of inflammation,is highly individual and unique.2.The basis for the inflammatory transformation of the body tissue is a vascular reaction with a specific stage sequence.3.Small and big circles of blood circulation not only have a direct relationship,but an inverse relationship.4.Among the nonspecific forms of inflammation AP is the only process occurring in the system of lesser circulation.5.The same medical procedure can have different effects on inflammation in the small or big circles of blood circulation.Following private studies were additionally performed:1.Experimental model of AP(4 series of experiments, 44 animals) obtaining a model of pleural complications(certificate for invention No 1631574, A1,1 November 1990,USSR.  ).2.X-ray examination 56 lung anatomical preparations with different forms of the AP,taken from the dead patients.3.Record comparative rheopulmonography before and after performing medical procedures(36 patients).4.Analysis of the observation and treatment of 994 children with AP and its various destructive and pleural complications. The revised treatment guidelines were applied in 101 patients in the initial period of aggressive forms of АP.The received results allow to speak about possibility of the guaranteed prevention of suppurative and destructive complications of the disease.

  • Pediatric Oncology | Pediatric Hepatology | Pediatric Nutrition | Pediatric Hematology & Nephrology Pediatric Allergy & Infectious Diseases | Pediatric Trauma & Depression | Pediatric Care & Nursing Pediatric Surgery